Washington, DC, USA, 3 July 2018: The 2018 International Energy Efficiency Scorecard published by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), suggests that some countries do strikingly better than others in saving energy, but all can better use efficiency to meet their Paris Agreement climate goals, the organisation said in a Press communiqué. The Scorecard, which can be accessed here: http://aceee.org/research-report/i1801, reveals that no country came close to a perfect score, and the average remained the same as in 2016 — 51 out of a possible 100 points, the communiqué said. Overall, Germany and Italy tie for first place this year with 75.5 points, closely followed by France (73.5), the United Kingdom (73), and Japan (67), the communiqué further said.
According to ACEEE, this fourth biennial scorecard ranks 25 of the world’s largest energy users on 36 efficiency metrics and highlights best practices that countries can use to boost their energy savings. For the first time, it includes the United Arab Emirates and Ukraine, the communiqué said.
Steve Nadel, Executive Director, ACEEE, said: “Our results show that all countries would benefit from adopting additional energy-efficiency policies. These policies will reduce dependence on energy imports, create jobs, cut pollution, and save people and businesses money. They will also help countries remain globally competitive and meet climate goals.” Nadel also noted that global energy demand is projected to grow 30% by 2040.
Within sectors, Germany scored best for national efforts, including cross-cutting targets and programmes, the communiqué said. Spain nabbed the top spot for buildings-related efforts, while Japan led on industry and France on transportation, the communiqué further said. Meanwhile, the United States slid from eighth place in 2016 to 10th in 2018 by scoring six fewer points, the communiqué added.
“This trend is likely to persist if the current administration continues to dismantle key regulations,” said Shruti Vaidyanathan, senior advisor for research, ACEEE. “At imminent risk are joint fuel economy and greenhouse gas standards for light-duty vehicles for model years 2021 onwards, a programme that put the United States at the forefront of vehicle efficiency efforts.” US Environmental Protection Agency actions are also threatening heavy-duty vehicle standards, and future improvements to existing appliance standards have ground to a halt, the communiqué said. In addition, the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement suggests more rollbacks to come, the communiqué further said. The administration’s focus on energy production rather than efficiency has meant that progress on federal energy efficiency policies has largely stalled, the communiqué added.
According to ACEEE, the most improved country this year is Mexico, which moved up from 19th place in 2016 to 12th by scoring 17 more points. Mexico’s recent adoption of an overarching energy-efficiency programme — the National Programme for the Sustainable Use of Energy — has spurred significant investment in efficiency programmes and standards, the communiqué said. Additionally, Mexico sits just below the United States and Canada in the rankings this year, suggesting that the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) may be playing a role in harmonising efforts among the three member countries, the communiqué further said.
According to ACEEE, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are at the bottom of this year’s rankings, with scores of 16.5 and 18 points, respectively. However, scores for these countries, in part, reflect poor data availability. South Africa fills out the bottom three with a score of 23.5, nearly 10 points lower than in 2016, the communiqué said.
Energy efficiency will need to account for almost half of all the greenhouse gas emission reductions necessary through 2040 to limit the global increase in temperature to two degrees C, according to the International Energy Agency. The communiqué said that countries should build efficiency into their economic and energy-related plans and learn from one another, by emulating the best policies and practices of leading countries, in order to meet climate targets and reap the multiple benefits of energy efficiency.