Dubai, UAE: Even as the debate on the benefits and effectiveness of District Cooling, as against conventional cooling systems, rages on, Omnia Halawani, Co-Founder and Managing Partner of Griffin Consultants, highlights the most pressing issue that District Cooling providers and end-users are facing at present – the low chilled water temperature differential (low ΔT), or low ΔT syndrome.
Explaining that having a low ΔT has an effect on lost cooling capacities, increased energy consumption, increase in costs and system complexities, Halawani identifies three issues — selection of building cooling coils, the performance of control valves and oversizing of buildings’ cooling load requirements — as root causes of the problem.
As these are issues that can avoided/addressed during the design stages of a building, Halawani emphasises on the need for all stakeholders to get together at the design stages to develop a “sound engineering design” and adopt “integrated design strategies”.
Suggesting a solution to the oversizing of buildings’ cooling capacity problem, Halawani says, “If building owners were more conscious in this aspect, requiring their consultants to ditch the unrealistic safety factors, which I like to call “ignorance” factors, when calculating cooling loads, they can save thousands in District Cooling capacity charges.”
Lastly, she says that having a “more transparent District Cooling industry with published actual peak loads would aid the drive towards a more sustainable construction industry as a whole”.